Top Causes of Sensitive Teeth

Tuesday, August 13th, 2013, 3:27 pm

Sometimes our teeth may become hypersensitive, leaving us to experience a great deal of pain or discomfort. The slightest touch, cold or hot foods and drinks, cool air, flossing, brushing, or even sweets can cause toothaches or soreness. So what exactly is behind this sensitivity?

Tooth sensitivity is caused by the exposure of the dentin in your tooth. This is the layer closest to the nerve. The dentin contains small tubes that lead directly to this nerve at the center of your tooth, and these tubes can be stimulated by outside factors (like temperature) when exposed. Let’s take a look at the various causes for dentin exposure below.

Top 5 Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

  1. Gum recession. Your gums may begin to recede as you age or because you do not practice proper oral care (i.e. brushing properly). Gum recession can expose the dentin to the elements that may cause sensitivity.
  2. Enamel erosion. The enamel of your tooth surrounds the dentin, so if the enamel is worn down, the dentin becomes exposed. Acidic beverages may cause the enamel to wear down, but so may improper brushing. If you brush too often or with abrasive toothpaste, you may be causing your own tooth sensitivity.
  3. Tooth grinding. Grinding your teeth will wear them down and likely cause sensitivity as the dentin becomes exposed. Tooth grinding may even cause most or all of your teeth to grow sensitive.
  4. Gum disease. Gum disease may also expose the dentin in one or more teeth, leaving them overly tender. It can cause gum recession, which also leads to the possibility of tooth sensitivity.
  5. Chipped teeth. If a tooth is chipped or cracked, the dentin may become exposed and lead to hypersensitivity. If the fracture is serious, it is possible that the nerve itself might even get exposed, which can lead to serious sensitivity.

Your dentist can help you determine the cause of your tooth sensitivity and can recommend the proper treatment plan for you. Some over the counter methods may help, but dental professionals can also provide procedures and treatments to help teeth become less sensitive, including prescribing a high fluoride toothpaste for everyday use. Dentists may also place a fluoride varnish on the sensitive areas to strengthen the tooth, and can even use a dental restoration to build up areas where enamel has deteriorated.

Dentist in Toccoa

To learn more about tooth sensitivity and how it can be treated, contact us today to schedule an appointment. Our offices are located in Toccoa, GA, and we can be reached at 706-886-9439.  We look forward to hearing from you.

back to top

Tags: ,

Category: oral health

Leave a Reply

Contact Us

Our Smile Gallery

smile gallery